If you have preeclampsia or chronic kidney disease , your health professional may instruct you to check the protein content in your urine at home. Increased protein is a sign that your kidneys are being damaged. To test your urine on a daily basis, use a simple test kit containing a urine testing strip that you dip into a fresh sample of your urine. Follow the instructions on the kit and find the results by matching the color of the strip to color blocks on the container. You can buy urine testing strips at most pharmacies and drugstores. Many insurance companies will cover or reduce the cost of the strips if you have a prescription from your health professional.
Clinical urine tests
Urine protein testing strips | medical device type | BNF content published by NICE
A urine test strip or dipstick is a basic diagnostic tool used to determine pathological changes in a patient's urine in standard urinalysis. A standard urine test strip may comprise up to 10 different chemical pads or reagents which react change color when immersed in, and then removed from, a urine sample. The test can often be read in as little as 60 to seconds after dipping, although certain tests require longer. Routine testing of the urine with multiparameter strips is the first step in the diagnosis of a wide range of diseases. The analysis includes testing for the presence of proteins , glucose , ketones , haemoglobin , bilirubin , urobilinogen , acetone , nitrite and leucocytes as well as testing of pH and specific gravity or to test for infection by different pathogens. The test strips consist of a ribbon made of plastic or paper of about 5 millimetre wide, plastic strips have pads impregnated with chemicals that react with the compounds present in urine producing a characteristic colour. For the paper strips the reactants are absorbed directly onto the paper.
Urine Protein test strips! Where to buy??
Protein is one of the major building blocks of the body. Your body needs protein to build muscles and bones, to keep fluids circulating, and to fight infection. But protein in urine can sometimes be a sign of poor kidney function or other medical conditions. When blood moves through the kidneys, they filter out waste products and excess water.
Protein in urine — known as proteinuria pro-tee-NU-ree-uh — is excess protein found in a urine sample. Protein is one of the substances identified during a test to analyze the content of your urine urinalysis. Low levels of protein in urine are normal. Temporarily high levels of protein in urine aren't unusual either, particularly in younger people after exercise or during an illness. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.